Vishwakarma is believed to be the God of architecture. He is the Hindu deity and, as per mythological stories, is the official builder and designer of the all heavenly palaces of Gods and celestial vehicles and weapons. Thus, this day is observed by all the craftsmen, engineers, architects and all other workers working directly with machines or tools in factories and shops with great enthusiasm.
Vishwakarma Puja is a time of pledge for workers and craftsmen to increase the efficiency and gain motivation from God. They seek inspiration to create better quality products and pray for a better future, safe working conditions, and success in their respective fields. This ritual usually takes place within the factory premises or shop where these workers work.
Every year, Vishwakarma Puja is celebrated with great devotion on September 16 or 17 in some states such as Bihar, West Bengal, Jharkhand, Tripura, Orrisa and Karnataka. In other regions, this Puja is observed a day after Diwali, a festival of lights. This occasion in a way also marks the start of the festive season that culminates in Diwali.
Legends and Beliefs
As the legend goes, Lord Vishwakarma emerged from the sea of celestial milk during samudra manthan (when the ocean of milk was churned) by Gods and demons for Amrit (nectar). He appeared with a crown, wearing a lot of gold jewellery, holding a water-pot, a book, a noose, and craftsman's tools in his hands. He is believed to have built a lot of mythical towns and palaces like the heaven- the abode of Gods and Demons, Dwarka which is the city of Lord Krishna (a Hindu deity), the Golden Lanka and many such palaces.
Rituals and Celebrations
This day is celebrated all over India by the working class of people such as the craftsmen, engineers, architects, artists, various workers and helpers in the factories and shops, etc. During this time, workers refrain themselves from using their tools and these tools are kept in front of Lord Vishwakarma’s idol and are prayed.
Flying kites is also a tradition associated with Vishwakarma Puja. The sky fills up with all shades and colours of kites. Lord Vishwakarma, a Hindu deity, is a motivation for many to create new products and boost efficiency in the future. The workers at many places make declarations to perform better from this favourable day onwards. Special idols and pictures of Lord Vishwakarma are normally placed in every workplace mainly in factories. All workers gather at a common place and perform the Puja.
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