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Jodhpur – The Land of the Thar Desert

A Peek into the History
Jodhpur, which is currently Rajasthan’s second largest city, was at one time the capital of the kingdom of Marwar. The city was founded by Rao Jodha, who was a Rajput chief from the Rathore clan, in 1459.He later conquered the surrounding areas and established the kingdom of Marwar. Being located on an important road that connected Delhi and Gujarat, Jodhpur prospered significantly because of the flourishing business of opium, copper, silk, date palms, coffee and sandals, which was carried on through this route. Jodhpur is known for having a bright and sunny weather all through the year, which is why it is also famous by the name of “Sun City”.

Places to Visit In and Near the City
Jodhpur is major tourist spot of Rajasthan, which is quite famous for its ancient buildings and beautiful terrain. While most people visit the city to enjoy a great holiday with loved ones, a number of celebrities and high profile people visit the city to hold various celebrations and get-togethers. Listed below are some of the famous tourist spots of Jodhpur.

Umaid Bhawan Palace: This palace holds the distinction of being the largest private home, across the globe. The palace got its name from Maharaja Umaid Singh, who started its construction on 18th November, 1929 and whose grandchildren are its current owners. This immense palace consists of 347 rooms and is the primary abode of the very respectable royal family of Jodhpur. Due to being located on Chittar Hill, the palace is also known by the name of Chittar Palace.

Mehrangarh Fort: This massive fort is among the largest forts of India and is located above the city of Jodhpur. The fort has magnificently thick walls and seven sturdy gates and can be reached by a winding road from the city. The fort also houses many palaces which are famous for their elaborate carvings and extensive courtyards. There is also a well-stocked museum within the fort complex that displays a collection of ancient royal palanquins. In addition the museum also has on display the arms, costumes, paintings and decorated period rooms from the Rathore era.
Jaswant Thada:During 19th century this royalcenotaph was built out of marble stone in commemoration of the then Maharaja of Udaipur Jaswant Singh II. Some rare portraits of the maharajas of Udaipur are present here for tourists.

Government Museum: It is must to visit if you want to know about the historical weapons used by the Maharajas of Udaipur. Besides weapons there are various other things which you can check out.

Rai-ka-Bag Palace:  This is a beautiful palace constructed in 1663 by the queen of Maharaja Jaswant Singh-I, Hadiji.

Raj Ranchhodji Temple: After death of Maharaja Jaswant Singh, his wife Maharani Jadechi Rajkanwar built this temple out of red sandstone. In mid of this temple there is one statue of Ranchhodji which is made out of black marble.

Achal Nath Shivalaya: The queen of Maharaja Rao Ganga, Nanak Devi took initiative in building the Achal Nath Shivalaya during 1531. A special reservoir was constructed near the temple Shivalinga called Ganga Bawari for continuous supply of water.

Kaylana Lake: Located 8 kms to the west of Jodhpur, this artificial lake was constructed in 1872 by Pratap Singh. The lake is situated in the midst of a land formation of igneous rock and gets water from the Hati Nehar or elephant canal. The place is also famous for the sightings of migratory birds such as Siberain cranes, which come here during the winter season.   

Balsamand Lake: This Lake is located at a distance of 5 kms from Jodhpur and is a favorite picnic spot. Constructed by Balak Rao Parihar in 1159 AD, the lake was designed to act as a water reservoir, to fulfill the water needs of Mandore. The lake is one km long, 50m wide and 15 m deep and has lush green gardens on all sides. There is also the Balsamand Lake Palace on its shore, which was constructed much later as a summer house for the royal family. Additionally people are also attracted by the grooves of mango, pomegranate and other fruit trees that are located on the banks of the lake.

Things To Shop For In Jodhpur
Jodhpur is extremely famous for its handloom items  and handicrafts.
Tie and Die Suits and Sarees: The tie and die dress material of Jodhpur is extremely famous not only among Indian ladies but women across the globe. Sojati Gate, Nai Sarak and Clock Tower are the best places to buy these dress materials at very reasonable rates.

Lac Jewelry: The lac jewelry of Jodhpur is equally famous and can be purchased from markets such as Mochi Bazaar or Tripola Bazaar.


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