Jaipur – A Beautiful and Exotic Holiday Destination
A Brief History of the Pink City
Jaipur, the capital city of Rajasthan, is named after the king of Amber, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II, who founded the city in November 1727. The city was planned remarkably well and followed the rule of Vastu Shastra. Its construction was completed in about 4 years. Later, when the Prince of Wales, Edward was to visit Jaipur during the rule of Sawai Ram Singh, the whole city was painted pink, to welcome him. Even today the avenues of Jaipur are painted in this color and this is how the city came to be known as “the pink city”. Although the original city of Jaipur was bordered by secure walls, today it has expanded beyond the walls to become the biggest city of Rajasthan.
A Heaven for Tourists
Jaipur has since long been a favorable tourists destination for not only Indian citizens but for people from around the world. It is considered by many to be among the top ten places that are a must see in the Asian subcontinent. Listed below are some of the most famous tourist attractions of the Pink city.
Hawa Mahal: Hawa Mahal, which literally means a “Palace of Winds”, is the most prominent tourist attraction of Jaipur. Constructed by Maharaja Swai Pratap Singh, the building was constructed in 1799 and is designed in the form of the crown of Lord Krishna. Its exterior, which is five storeys's high, also resembles the honeycomb structure of a beehive and has 953 small windows. These windows, which are also known as Jharokhas have beautiful and intricate latticework, which was intended to enable the royal females to look out through them without being seen. The Mahal is constructed form red and pink sandstone and presents a mesmerizing look when seen in the blond light of the rising sun early in the morning.
Jaigarh Fort: Located on a cliff named Cheel ka Teela or Eagle’s Hill, Jaigarh Fort is another major historical monument flocked by tourists from across the globe. The fort was built in 1726 by Jai Singh II with the intention of providing additional security to Amber Fort as well as its palace complex and was therefore named after him. This 3 km long and 1 km wide Fort is quite similar to Amber Fort in terms of structural design. The main attraction inside the Fort is Jaivana, the world’s biggest wheeled cannon of its time, which was manufactured within the fort itself. It is connected to the Amber Fort with the help of underground passages.
Jantar Mantar: This is yet another extremely popular tourist spot located in Jaipur. It is the largest of the five similar structures constructed by Maharaja Jai Singh II at different locations of his kingdom. However, in the present times, it is the only one that has been preserved in the best manner. The structure is basically a collection of huge architectural and astronomical instruments, which are believed to have helped in calculating time. It is a really good example of the architectural skills and the cosmic knowledge of this scholarly king.
Amber Fort: This fort is located in Amer a place which is 11 km from the city of Jaipur. This fort was built by Raja Man Singh I. This fort is well known for this great architectural work which is a perfect blend of Hindu and Rajput culture. The major sections of the fort are Diwan-e-Aam, Diwan-e-Khas, Sheesh Mahal and Sukh Niwas.
Nahargarh Fort: This fort is located at the edge of Aravalli Hills. During historical period this fort too acted as a defence circle for the city of Jaipur. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II constructed this fort in 1734.
City Palace, Jaipur: This palace includes two mahals, Mubarak Mahal and Chandra Mahal. The Maharaja of Jaipur used to seat here. Chander Mahal in recent time acts as a museum. Sawai Jai Singh II built this Palace.
Jal Mahal: Jal Mahal is a beautiful palace of Jaipur which is located just in the middle of the Lake named Man Sagar. Boat makers from the holy city of Vrindavan crafter wooden boat in Rajasthani style to reach jal Mahal.
Famous Items of Jaipur
Jaipur is quite well-known for numerous things, which visitors can take home as tokens of memory or even for gifting purposes.
Lac Work: The pink city is famous for its lac work and people visiting Jaipur can find a wide variety of such items to take back home. There is lac jewelry, items of household use made form lac or even lac embroidered dress material to choose from.
Jaipuri Quilts: These extremely light weight yet warm quilts are the best selling items among tourists visiting Jaipur. Shops near Hawa Mahal, Bapu Bazar, Chaura Rasta and Gopalji ka Rasta are the best places to buy them.
Planning to go this place via Indian Rail?
Visit www.indianrail.gov.in. / for knowing specific trains going to this place. You may book your train tickets at www.irctc.co.in/
Planning to go this place via Bus?
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