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Hajo - The Land of God
Hajo is an ancient site bearing significant historical importance. It throws a good example of integration. It is one of the most sought out places in Assam and probably one single location where one can find shrines and temples that are totally dedicated to Lord Vishnu, Shiva, Durga, Buddha and even Muslim saint. To sum up, it is one location which blends three major religious sects in one single location i.e. Hinduism, Buddhism and Islam. People from each of these religious sects consider this location as a pilgrimage. Hajo was once under the rule of different royal powers spanning from early age to late medieval age. The place was an important seat for three major royal powers from medieval Assam. They are: The Kochs, The Ahoms and The Mughals. One of the oldest temples of the country, Hayagrib Madhab temple was here in India. The temple located on a small hillock offers splendid architectural significance. Owing to its location the temple is a perfect place for harmony and peace.Deep down in the History of Hajo: The historical significance of Hajo is very interesting. Hajo was the capital of Koch dynasty and Raghudev was the king, the son of legendary Koch hero. However, the kings’ nephew Narnarayan of Kochbehar had established a separate kingdom with Hajo as the capital during the 16th century.
The Koch Hajo kingdom spans over a vast tract of land from Goalpara, North Kamrup and even a portion of the then district of Darrang. It is being bordered in the east by Barnadi River and to the west by Sankosh River. Also the current Mangaldoi district was once under the part of the Koc Hajo kingdom. However during 17thcentury the gradual shift of Koc to Mughals and Ahoms are visible. The Mughals made repeated attacks from 1639 to 1658 to annex the territory.
Hajo also bears different name coined from various aggression with its changing history. In the 11th century, as per Kalika Puran, Hajo was known as Apurnabhava and Manikuta. In the 14th century AD, Hajo was known as Bishnupushkar as per Yoginitantra. In the 18th century Hajo was known as Manikutgram as per Darang Rangbonshabali by Surjyakhari Daivajna. It was during the period of Ahom that the name Hajo came into existence. Books written during that period bears the name Hajo. During the reign of Mughal, Hajo was known as Sujabad or Sujangar and Ananta Kandali named after the most illustrious Vaishnavite poem from Assam.
However, there are differences in opinion with scholars and linguists regarding the name Hajo. Some associate Hajo with ‘Haj’ being derived from the famous pilgrimage of Muslim community to Mecca. A renowned scholar, Dr. Banikanta Kakati stated that the name Hajo was derived from two Bodo places named ‘Ha’ which means land and ‘Gojou’ which means high. Both these words gave the name Hajo.
All the aforesaid analysis may have dubious thoughts but going through the popular legends, we can make an idea behind the naming of the place. Even the Buddhist followers said that Gautama Buddha had actually in Hajo. His death was a blow to his disciples, who in their pain mentioned “Ha-ju”, means setting of the sun. Also some historians claimed that there are circumstantial evidence that Hajo is named from the Mech King Haju, who had probably ruled in 15th century AD.
Places of visit in Hajo Hajo Poa Mecca- One of the most reputed religious sites of Hajo. This ancient Muslim shrine is located only 2km away from the town. According to the historical records, the shrine was constructed 800 years ago. Peer Gyasuddin Aulia is considered as the key interest of this place. In later years, Sujauudin Mohammed Shah built a mosque to show his tribute to this price turned saint. As per the historical records, it is mentioned that this spiritual guide used to be a prince in his earlier life. Later he turned to Assam, to spread the spiritual words and teachings in this state in 12th century. From that time, this place is viewed as one of the most sacred religious sites for the Muslims. According to Muslims, if any one prays in this mosque, he can get a one-fourth amount of spiritual enlightenment.
Hayagriva madhava Mandir-His religious site of Assam is known for binding two different religions, Hinduism and Buddhism together. This temple is dedicated to praise Hayagriva Mahadeva. Every year, a large number of tourists come to explore this shrine to enhance their spiritual feelings. Apart from being an important religious site, it also offers a beautiful architecture. While meandering in this temple, you will be amazed to view the stone worked elephants that are carved on the temple’s walls. Apart from the elephant carvings, you will also get an insight of the Assam’s Bihu culture if you explore its nearby mandapas, in special occasions.
Madan kamdev Temple-This ancient temple is located on the Hillock of the Dewangiri Mountain. However, this temple is now in a ruined condition, but still, you will discover some brilliant architectural examples of the Kamrup dynasty. In this temple, you will find the image of Kamdev- the God of love. Along with the carvings of Kamdev, the carvings of animals, plants, woman in erotic postures will take you back to the primitive era. As per the archeological experts, this temple is dated back to 10th century. This temple is considered as a will of ancient poetic works and architecture.
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