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Vrushabha/ Vrishabha Sankranti is the beginning of Vrishabha season. It is the period during when Planet Sun transits to Zodiac Taurus (Vrishabha Rasi) from Aries zodiac (Mesha Rasi). All 12 Sankranti in the year is favourable for Dan-Punya activities. Every Hindu solar month begin with Sankranti day. During the Sankraman time Planet sun moves from one Sun Sign (Rashi) to another. Vrishabha Sankranti is celebrated as Brusha Sankranti in Orissa.
The Vrushabha Sankranti falls in the month of Vaisakh according to the traditional Telegu, Marathi, Kannada and Gujarati calendars; and it falls in the Jaisthya month according to the North Indian calendar. Vrishabha Sankranti is also known as Vrishabha Sankraman in the south part of the country. This special day also declares the arrival of the Jyeshto mash according to the Bengali calendar, Vaigasi Masam (month) in Tamil calendar and Edavam masam (month) in Malayalam calendar.
Vrishabha in Sanskrit means Bull. It can also be observed that Nandi, Mahadeva’s (Lord Shiv) pet was a bull. The earlier holy scriptures have drawn similarity between the two and thus it has become a special ritual for devotees all over the world.
Vrishabha Sankranti 2016: Day and Timings (Muhurta)
- Day- 14 May / Saturday
Rituals of Vrishabha Sankranti 2016
Donating cows also known as Godan and donating money is considered to be auspicious on Vrishabha Sankranti. On this propitious day, devotees visit Vishnu temples and pray Lord Vishnu to grant them the intelligence to choose between the evil and good. Religious places all over the country prepare for Vrishabha Sankranti as devotees take Sankramana Snana (holy bath) in the holy rivers on this event. Pitra Tarpan is particularly conduced on Vrishabha Sankranti.
The second month in the Hindu solar calendar starts on this Sankranti. Total 16 moments (gharis) before Vrishabha Sankranti are considered auspicious for conducting donation (daan) and charity (punyas). Therefore, all kinds of donation are done during this auspicious day. Therefore, the Vrishabha Sankranti celebration has immense religious significance for Hindu worshipper.
People worship Lord Vishnu on this auspicious day to be blessed with a happy, peaceful and prosperous life. They also plead the Lord Vishnu to get liberty from the continuous cycle of re-birth and achieve salvation. Lord Vishnu (the 'Paalak') is responsible for taking care of complete universe. People also pray Lord Vishnu on Vrishabha Sankranti that they can live a better life without getting trapped in 'moh' and 'maya'.