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Simha Sankranti which is also known by the name of Simha Sankraman is a significant South Indian festival celebrated to mark the transition of Sun God from the Simha rashi to the Kark rashi. The day also marks the beginning of the Simha month which is a part of the various solar calendars followed by Indians. In addition the day also marks the beginning of Chinga, Avni and Bhadra months which form a part of the traditional Malayalam, Tamil and Bengali calendars respectively.
In 2013, Simha Sankraman will be celebrated on 16th August.
Significance Of Simha Sankraman
The tithi or the day of Simha Sankraman is considered extremely auspicious and on this day it is quite common for people to perform the Sankraman punya sanan or the pious bath at various holy places. At many places people also worship Lord Vishnu, Lord Narsimha and Surya Bhagwan on this day.
The day is celebrated with great devotion at the Vishnumurthy temple, located at Kulai, which is a small town near Manglore. On this day the priests of the temple perform several rituals to appease Lord Vishnu, the presiding deity of the temple. These include the Narikela Abhishekha, in which the diety is given a holy bath with delicate coconut water. Then there is the Appada puja, in which Lord Ganpati is worshipped as well as the Hoovina Puja, wherein special prayers are offered to Lord Vishnumurthy. The ritual of offering special prayers to Lord Vishnumurthy continues from the day of Simha Sankraman to Kanya Sankraman, when Surya Bhagwan enters the Kanya Rashi.
The significance of the festival in South Indian communities is evident from the fact that numerous temples across the states of Karnataka, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh, celebrate its with great devotion and fervor.
Celebration Of Simha Sankranti In KumaunAlthough, Simha Sankranti is more famous as a regional festival of South India, it was also celebrated with great zeal and fervor in the Kumaun region of Himachal Pradesh. During the reign of the Chand dynasty in the region, craftsmen and artisans exhibited their products in the royal palace and were then rewarded for the same. In addition, other people also brought their wares such as flowers, fruits, vegetables and diverse milk products to the palace, to gift them to the respected members of the royal family and other noblemen. Another custom that was extremely popular on this day was to eat bread made from pounded horse-bean with large quantities of clarified butter or ghee.
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