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Independence Day- A day for every Indian
India celebrates its Independence Day on 15th August every year to mark the anniversary of the day when the country attained complete freedom from British rule in 1947. On this day the entire nation gets together to pay homage to the hundreds and thousands of freedom fighters who laid down their lives to help India become free as a nation. However, the day also brings to fore the fact that this independence was gained at the price of the division of the country into two parts.
Demand for Complete Independence
Although the Indian freedom struggle had been going on for several decades, it was only in the 1929 session of Congress at Lahore that the declaration for complete independence or “Puran Sawraj” was accepted. The decision to celebrate 26th January as the Independence Day of India was also made during this session. In addition, Congress leaders appealed to the masses to carry on the freedom struggle until the attainment of complete independence in a non-violent manner by participating in the civil disobedient movement in large numbers. Later, Congress also celebrated the Independence Day on the aforementioned date between 1930 and 1947.
The Step Up To Independence
After the conclusion of World War II, it became increasingly difficult for the Britain to keep the Indian freedom struggle under control. Not only was the government losing support of the International community, but its own citizens also wanted the dominance to end. This led the Prime Minister of Britain, Clement Attlee, in February 1947, to make the declaration of granting complete independence to India by June 1948.
However, Lord Mountbatten, the viceroy of India at that time, was convinced that the interim government would not be successful primarily due to the severe difference between the top leadership of Congress and Muslim League. As such he advanced the date of granting independence to India and chose 15th August, which was also the anniversary day of the nuclear bomb droppings on Hiroshima and Nagasaki, in Japan. The rest, as they say, is history.
Independence Day CelebrationsThe most important event of Independence Day celebration is held in New Delhi, where thousands of people gather to watch the Prime Minister hoist the National Flag and then address the nation from the ramparts of the historic Red Fort. In addition numerous events are organized in various parts of the country which feature flag hoisting ceremonies, parades by security forces and various cultural programs.
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